Scholarly (also referred to as academic) sources are written by experts in a particular field and serve to keep researchers in that field up to date on the most recent research and findings. Examine your sources to determine if they're scholarly or not:
* Content from this section partially adapted from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and CSU San Marcos
The SCAAN test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find.
Source type: Does this source answer your research question? Is it an appropriate type (scholarly or popular, for instance) for your question? Does this contain the information you need to support your argument?
Currency: Is this source up-to-date?
Accuracy: Is this source accurate? Does its logic make sense to me? Are there any internal contradictions? Does it link or refer to its sources? Does more current data affect the accuracy of the content?
Authority: Who created or authored this source? Could the author or creator bring any biases to the information presented? Is the author or creator a reputable or well-respected agent in the subject area?
Neutrality: Is this source intended to educate, inform, or sell? What is the purpose of this source?
Content from USC Library.