Citations are references to specific sources of information which allow the reader to find an article or information source used in a piece of work. Citations can take two forms:
Using correct and consistent citations is good academic practice. In addition to being a required part of producing academic research, good citation practices also achieve the following:
Citations can also serve as a form of social justice, especially when we consider authority and power dynamics within academia and research industries. Power dynamics within academia mean that those whose works are widely cited are more likely to be invited to give conference presentations, lead research projects, and collaborate on research articles — and all of these opportunities contribute to who is considered an authority and given tenure and promotion — and who is excluded. Below are some resources you can use to reflect on citations and power dynamics, including resources shared from Up//Root journal's BIPOC Citations: Positions, Understandings, and Interruptions.