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Citing Sources

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Ecology Style

Ecology Style is the recommended format of Ecology journal, which is published by the Ecological Society of America. This format is recommended for students of environmental sciences - see our Ecology Citation Style guide for more information.

Government Information

Indigenous Knowledge

In traditional Western citation systems, written knowledge is positioned as valid, and other knowledge transmissions such as oral history or storytelling are considered unreliable, despite being used for centuries by Indigenous cultures around the globe. Increasingly, Indigenous scholars are creating new frameworks that acknowledge the validity of ancestral knowledge, and the relationships between peoples and lands. Below are some resources that can help you rethink power dynamics around Indigenous peoples and research.