Broadly speaking, fake news is misinformation that is disseminated for political purposes, economic gain, or entertainment. Fake news falls into a few different categories:
1) Deliberately deceptive stories (or images) intended to create confusion or division, posted on websites, blogs, or social media.
2) Click bait and native advertising - stories that present themselves as "news" but are written for the purpose of driving traffic to a website or promoting a product.
3) Satire or parody.
Just because a news story has a strong bias or promotes a fringe perspective (such as a conspiracy theory) does not make the story "fake news," however.
Fight fake news by recognizing it, steering clear of it, and never forwarding it. Friends don’t let friends forward fake news!
These tips were compiled from Melissa Zimdars' list of tips, and Joyce Valenza's blog post Truth, Truthiness, Triangulation: A News Literacy Toolkit for a "Post-Truth" World.
Meet the Professor Calling Out the Fake and Misleading News Sites Clogging Your Facebook Feed, Jared Keller, Pacific Standard, November 15, 2016.
Students Have ‘Dismaying’ Inability To Tell Fake News From Real, Study Finds, Camila Domonoske, NPR, November 23, 2016.
Why Students Can’t Google Their Way to the Truth: Fact-checkers and Students Approach Websites Differently, Sam Wineburg and Sarah McGrew, Education Week, November 1, 2016.
The Trouble with Truth, Janet Driscoll Miller, Search Engine Land, November 23, 2016.
We Tracked Down A Fake-News Creator In The Suburbs. Here's What We Learned, Laura Sydell, NPR, November 23, 2016.
Truth, Truthiness, Triangulation: A News Literacy Toolkit for a "Post-truth" World, Joyce Valenza, NeverEnding Search (blog hosted by School Library Journal), November 26, 2016.
Stop Calling Everything "Fake News," Will Oremus, Slate.com, December 6, 2016.
How Facebook’s Fact-Checking Partnership Will Work, Mike Isaac, New York Times, December 15, 2016.
Learning to Spot Fake News: Start with a Gut Check, Anya Kamenetz, nprEd, October 31, 2017.
Excerpted from a blog post by Joyce Valenza, Truth, Truthiness, Triangulation: A News Literacy Toolkit for a "Post-Truth" World.