National Violent Death Reporting System: Violent death data are currently provided for 34 NVDRS states and the District of Columbia and, therefore, are not nationally representative. From the Report Options page, select "Victim injured by law enforcement officer" in option #3: Relationship of Victim to Suspect.
The Board was created by the Racial and Identity Profiling Act of 2015 (RIPA) to shepherd data collection and provide public reports with the ultimate objective to eliminate racial and identity profiling and improve and understand diversity in law enforcement through training, education, and outreach. The Board’s 2020 annual report includes an analysis of the stop data collected under RIPA, which requires nearly all California law enforcement agencies to submit demographic data on all detentions and searches.
Founded in 1986, The Sentencing Project works for a fair and effective U.S. criminal justice system by promoting reforms in sentencing policy, addressing unjust racial disparities and practices, and advocating for alternatives to incarceration.
The Death Penalty Information Center is a national non-profit organization serving the media and the public with analysis and information on issues concerning capital punishment. Their research shows that racial bias against defendants of color and in favor of white victims has a strong effect on who is capitally prosecuted, sentenced to death, and executed.
While the rate of imprisonment has decreased in recent years, black Americans remain far more likely than their Hispanic and white counterparts to be in prison. The black imprisonment rate at the end of 2018 was nearly twice the rate among Hispanics (797 per 100,000) and more than five times the rate among whites (268 per 100,000).
This statistic shows the number of victims of hate crimes targeting Blacks or African Americans in the United States in 2018, by crime type. In 2018, there were 908 victims of anti-Black or African American intimidation hate crimes.
Crimes reported to the FBI involve those motivated by biases based on race, gender, gender identity, religion, disability, sexual orientation, and ethnicity. See this table for 2018 data on anti-black hate crime incidents.
Every year, NFHA compiles data from both private, nonprofit fair housing organizations and government agencies across the country to provide an annual snapshot of the nation’s fair housing enforcement activities. The reports also highlight key issues in fair housing.
This report examines how government-sponsored displacement, exclusion, and segregation have exacerbated racial inequality in the United States. It first looks at how public policies have systematically removed people of color from their homes. It then considers how federal, state, and local policies have fortified housing discrimination. The final section of the report proposes targeted solutions that would help make the U.S. housing system more equitable.
Renewing Inequality provides access to a comprehensive and unified set of national and local data on the federal Urban Renewal program. This program expanded the role of the federal government in the public and private redevelopment of cities and perpetuated racial and spatial inequalities.
An examination of mortgage-market data indicates some of the continuing challenges black and Hispanic homebuyers and would-be homebuyers face. Among other things, they have a much harder time getting approved for conventional mortgages than whites and Asians, and when they are approved they tend to pay higher interest rates.
Mapping Inequality provides digital access to the "Security Maps" of the Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) -- the infamous maps that designated grades based on neighborhood demographics as an indicator of lending risk. These grades were a tool for redlining: making it difficult or impossible for people in certain areas to access mortgage financing and thus become homeowners. Redlining directed public and private capital away from African American and immigrant families. As homeownership was arguably the most significant means of intergenerational wealth building in the United States in the twentieth century, these redlining practices from eight decades ago had long-term effects in creating wealth inequalities that we still see today.
This report examines how government-sanctioned occupational segregation, exploitation, and neglect exacerbated racial inequality in the United States. Eliminating current disparities among Americans will require intentional public policy efforts to dismantle systematic inequality, combat discrimination in the workplace, and expand access to opportunity for all Americans.
The State of Working America Data Library provides researchers, media, and the public with easily accessible, up-to-date, and comprehensive historical data on the American labor force. It is compiled from Economic Policy Institute analysis of government data sources. Use it to research wages, inequality, and other economic indicators over time and among demographic groups.
Dreams Deferred presents a snapshot of the racial wealth divide in the United States today, looking at the current state of household wealth, income, homeownership, debt, and other economic factors. It also reviews long-term trends that led to this current moment, as well as, the historical policies and contributors to this deepening divide.
This report from the Federal Reserve shows that the long-standing and substantial wealth disparities between families of different racial and ethnic groups have changed little in the past few years. Wealth losses during the Great Recession, and the magnitude and timing of the recovery, also varied substantially across families grouped by race and ethnicity.
COVID-19 is affecting people of color the most. The COVID Racial Data Tracker tracks the data in real time. It is a collaboration between the COVID Tracking Project and the Boston University Center for Antiracist Research.
The United States is home to stark and persistent racial disparities in health coverage, chronic health conditions, mental health, and mortality. These disparities are not a result of individual or group behavior but decades of systematic inequality in American economic, housing, and health care systems.